23 Antiochus VII, Tyre

SCADS58 Antiochus VII SC 2109.3Ad

ANTIOCHUS VII

TYRE

Silver Tetradrachm, Phoenician eagle type

Ant_VII_Tyre_SC 2109.3 var unpub control

SC 2109.3Ad

Obv.: Diademed and draped bust of Antiochus VII r., dotted border.

Rev.: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ (curving) on r., ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ (curving) on l., eagle standing l. on ship’s ram, palm branch under far wing, dotted border.

Date (in r. field, below); ΕΟΡ (S.E. 175 = 138/7 B.C.)

Mint symbol (l. field): CLUB

Left  (a above and b on club) and right field (c) mintmarks. Control(s) between legs (d above e)

Left (a above and b on club) and right field (c) mintmarks. Control(s) between legs (d above e).

Enlargement of control between legs
Enlargement of control between legs

Reference: USA (CT), J. Guberman coll.

This coin adds a new control between the legs of the eagle, but it is unclear how it should be read. In the enlargement, the control appears to be composed of Greek delta with two smaller characters written above it that could perhaps be read as the Phoenician letters gimel and ayin (G‘). Phoenician control letters regularly appeared between the legs of the eagle on autonomous Tyrian tetradrachms (shekels) struck after 127 B.C. Alternatively, the control could be a Greek monogram composed of cursive omega above delta although the elements of the omega are not clearly linked. A third, but least probable interpretation is that the delta has been recut over a largely erased control involving phi (e.g. SC 2109.3d).

A Tyrian didrachm of the same year (SC 2110.3b) may feature the same mysterious control between the eagle’s legs.

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